Reah's Blog | Education, Language, Technology

More Tips When Taking the LET

By on Jul 29, 2011 in Education | 42 comments

I already wrote 10 tips on taking the Licensure Exam for Teachers, but I remembered something last night that I missed sharing. It is about my experience when answering some math questions. Anyway, here’s tip #11: When trying to solve math problems manually (paper and pen), make an effort to organize your solutions. At any empty corner of the solution you just wrote, write the number of the question that solution was for. Then encircle this number or use any symbols you would like. Then, box the entire solution with the number in it or at least separate that section with a line from the other solutions you have. This way, if you are unable to solve a problem quickly you can easily go back to it later on and see what you already have done for that question. You don’t have to do this with every math question you are trying to solve. Do this with questions you decided to give up at that moment. And another but not related to just Math, tip #12: Do not spend a lot of time answering one question when there are still a lot of questions you may answer right quickly. This is a paraphrasing of my Tip #8 from my previous article, but there’s an addition to it. Keep a section of your scratch paper, if you have any, and name that section “skipped questions” or just “skipped” with the appropriate subjects. Put the numbers of your skipped questions here. Later on, when you have time, go back to those skipped questions and cross a number out once you finish answering it. If you are allowed to write on the test booklets, just go ahead and mark that skipped question with a star or an “x” mark, so you can easily find these questions when you are going over the test the second time. Tip #13: Be careful with questions that have conditions such as “not”, “except”, “including”, “never”, “only”, “best”, and other similar words. It’s been a while and I didn’t have my old LET reviewers with me in my current location, so I can’t verify if there are really questions that have these words. But I took some multiple choice exams in the past year and there were questions that contained these words. The tip is: Read and understand the question thoroughly. You can rephrase the question as well, and maybe by doing that, you will understand it better. When you missed reading the word “except” in the question, then your answer is most likely wrong. Trivia: One question that I haven’t forgotten is a question about the side view mirror of a car. The reason I think I remember it until now is because I decided to verify my answer once the test was over (I was not that observant you know and didn’t pay much attention reviewing mirrors or lenses). Now, when I’m in a car and happens to look at a side view mirror, I remember that question. Well the question is: “When you look at a car’s  side view mirror, is the image you are seeing closer?” Whatever the actual question might had been, I found out that what you see in the side view mirror is closer than you think. They appear farther and smaller. As an object go closer to the mirror, it appears bigger. A vehicle’s side view mirror typically has a convex lens. I don’t remember what I answered on that question. I think I was just curious to research after the exam was over. Read more about curved mirrors in...

Review English | Resources for English Major Test Takers

By on Jul 26, 2011 in Education | 23 comments

Passing the board exam for teachers or the Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET) demands a lot of time and mental effort. Sometimes, the money is also needed to review on review centers. However, for those who have decided to study on their own, finding review guides online may be hard. Well, they can but the results of online research may be unorganized. Not to mention that such activity requires patience, determination, and resourcefulness. Anyway, if you were like me whose focus is English for LET [well, it’s really Mass Communications with 18 units of Educ.] or majored in English in College, you may want to take a look at these online resources I gathered. It is your own responsibility and judgement on how to make use of these resources I found. LITERATURE: 35% Identify the literary pieces and figures that left significant marks in the library of nations and people. Draw out universal and/or particular values from world-renowned literary selections Interpret the way of life, culture and aspirations of peoples from library pieces that they produced Formulate logical conclusions about life from select literary pieces Apply ideas derived from famous literary pieces to current issues of universal concern Free Online Sources: Literature Entry from Wikipedia Index of literary terms History of literature from Wikipedia The Cambridge History of English and American Literature History of modern literature from Wikipedia A History of English Literature LINGUISTICS: 25% Manifest familiarity with the theories of language learning and their effect on language teaching. Apply the knowledge of linguistic theories to the teaching of grammar,composition, reading, and literature. Apply techniques in teaching listening and oral interaction. Apply the knowledge of the structure of English language to the teaching of communication arts and literature. Evaluate the applicability of English instruction approaches/methods/techniques. Free Online Sources Linguistics from Wikipedia Second language acquisition – essential information A slideshow of Theories of Language Acquisition child language acquisition theory – chomsky, crystal, Aitchison & piaget Language Acquisition The Structure of English Language English Grammar from Wikipedia Prepare for Language Learning Philosophy of language READING: 20% Identify the reading strengths and weakness of students Illustrate important reading diagnosis techniques Determine the appropriateness of teaching and testing material to be used in reading remediation Differentiate the various levels of reading Interpret the central ideas and themes of reading selections Free Online Resources Reading Assessment Techniques Reading from Wikipedia Informal Reading and Writing Assessment Ideas from Scholastic Early Reading Assessment:A Guiding Tool for Instruction How to Read from Copyblogger How to Help a Student Who Struggles With Reading A Dyslexic Child in the Classroom INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMUNICATION 10% Illustrate the interrelationship among communication media, the individual, and society Identify the different forms of mass communication Do simple editing, objective analysis and critical appraisal of a print excerpt Express relevant and sound opinions about broadcast materials Evaluate current media trends Free Online Resources Mass media from Wikipedia Theories of Mass Communication Media Freedom, Regulation, and Ethics Glossary Theories of Communication Communication Theories again PREPARATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL/EVALUATE MATERIALS FOR ENGLISH10% Identify/apply principles in the different types of instructional material in English Apply sound principles of teaching in the preparation of teaching aids/ devices Manifest familiarity with the use of technology in the preparation of audio-visual materials in English Apply principles of test construction for measuring English competencies Apply validation principles in the preparation of instructional...

TLE Reviewer: Technology and Livelihood Education

By on Jul 24, 2011 in Education, Technology and Livelihood Education | 199 comments

I received a lot of requests for a TLE reviewer for Licensure Exam for Teachers(LET); so, I decided to create a guide. My specialization was English, so please, consider my background as well when I did the following guide. What I mean by that is I did not take classes on TLE in college so my judgement may not be as good as yours. However, I had drafting and electricity classes in high school which were among my favorite subjects. Please consider reading the disclaimer as well as another tip from me. Electricity Explainthe sources and kinds of electricity Sources of Electricity from ThinkQuest Sources of Electricity from Electricity Forum Types of Electricity Electricity Generation Electricity Generation from Wikipedia Explainthe electron theory and the Ohm’s Law Electron Theory from hotrodders.com A flash lesson on Ohm’s Law (click the begin lesson link) The theory of the Electron Ohm’s law from NASA site Ohm’s law from Wikipedia Identify the parts of a complete electrical circuit Complete Electrical Circuits (it’s a good slideshow, to keep reading about EC click the buttons on the upper right) From ehow (this just shows four then the first one showed five, so not sure) This one’s a simple picture What makes a light bulb light? (A lesson plan) Follow proper procedures in electrical housewiring You research this Knowledge of basic computer concepts Basic computer concepts Quiz on basic computer concepts Below are free downloadable online books on Electricity from Google Books: (use Chrome?) Electricity: its theory, sources, and applications What is electricity?: It’s nature explained Below are online quizzes on electricity: From Discovery.com Quiz from thinkquest From PhysicsKids.com From SoftSchools.com From mcwdn.org Refrigeration and Airconditioning (RAC) Identify the basic tools and equipment on RAC No idea, maybe you know what to look for. Search your books from College or something. Explain the principle of refrigeration cycle YouTube video explaining the cycle From swtc.edu Basic refrigeration cycle Explainthe function of refrigeration and copper tubing Historical applications of refrigeration About copper tubing Refrigeration and freezing food Refrigeration – an introduction to the basics (great pdf file) Identify the symbols in the schematic diagram Will this page help? How about a Google Image results? Below are online quizzes on RAC: Quiz #1 Quiz #2 Drafting Enumerate and explain the alphabetic of lines (not sure if these are universal concepts) Flash lesson on alphabet of lines The Alphabet of Lines in Technical Drawing from umasd.org Alphabet of lines from ic.arizona.edu Alphabet of lines from cms.cerritos.edu Define and perform orthographic projection and an isometric drawing Does it mean you have to do drafting while in the exam? Anyways, here is orthographic projection from Wikipedia And refresh your mind what isometric drawing is. Geez, I remember our drafting class in HS! Explain the different technique in freehand and mechanical drawing You better be good at explaining. Write it on your own words. Freehand drawing – Isn’t this about drawing something without any use of rulers? But I guess you have to elaborate that eh since it asks for different techniques, so research that. Mechanical drawing from ehow Application of computer knowledge in drawings Does this mean that you should know at least to operate computers so you can draw using Paint? or Adobe Illustrator? or Photoshop? or AutoCad? or Google SketchUp? What do you think? Woodworking Discuss the different uses and maintenance of woodwork Uses of woodwork? Let me guess, to create furniture that humans can use inside their house, at school, or at work, or anywhere. XD Maintenance of woodwork, let me guess, again. Well, wood degrades, right? Or paint goes off? So you have to refinish, repaint it or do some careful cleaning with it by considering what cleaning items to use with it. Haha.. I’m just guessing here since I can’t find any online sources. Constructcommon wood joints Woodworking joints from Wikipedia Common woodworking joints Learn how to make common wood joints Explain the principles of mensuration and layout What is mensuration? I don’t know what the principles of mensuration and layout is, but isn’t that just asking you the importance of having measurements and layouts while doing woodwork? I might be wrong, so please refer to your books. Explain the importance, uses, and maintenance of different woodworking machines Woodworking machines from Wikipedia (just click the links to go to the explanation of each machine) Automechanics Demonstrate understanding of basic shop principles, practices, and fundamental aspects of automotive Manifest understanding of engine classification Demonstrate fundamental operations of engine fuel system Demonstrate ability to apply knowledge of ignition system Honestly, I’m stuck here. I can’t find any specific good online resources. So please consider reading the following webpages. Maybe you know where to look. Internal combustion engine Fuel injection MOTOR VEHICLES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Introduction to Auto Engines How Car Engines Work Radio Mechanics Demonstrate knowledgeof the fundamentals of electronics Fundamentals of Electronics – This is actually a class outline of a professor, but there are resources at the bottom and also some review sheets where he asks you what concepts to review and what to do to better understand Demonstrate functional knowledge and skills in the application of the principles of magnetism and electromagnetism Principles of Magnetism Electromagnetism How Magnets Work How Electromagnets Work Interpret electronic schematic diagram Is this the same as circuit diagram? Here’s the Google image results. Explainthe principles involved in the PCB design layout and etching The Printed...

Minimum Units Required on the Licensure Exam for Teachers (LET)

By on Jun 9, 2011 in Education | 276 comments

It is often asked on this blog what’s the minimum education units required to register for the licensure examination for teachers. It is 18. Perhaps the confusion arose from the rumors that PRC would increase the minimum to at least 30 units soon.  However, until now, there is no memo issued regarding this. In PRC’s official website, it has a page where you can find a list of the requirements for non BSE or BSED graduates. Below the list is the minimum number of units. It shows 18 units for all Bachelor’s degree except for those who have Bachelor’s Degree in Arts and Sciences (where 10 units is the minimum requirement). If you still doubt the information in their webpage, please visit the nearest PRC office in your area to ask an officer in person. The 18 units minimum requirement is under R.A. 4670 which is the Magna Carta for Public School Teachers. Also, on the same PRC page that list the requirements, there’s a link to download the table of specifications (competencies to be tested in LET).  This file  shows the topics that will be covered for the Professional Education part of the exam: (1) Foundation of Education and Human Growth and Development, (2)  Principles and Strategies of Teaching, (3) Measurement and Evaluation, and (4) Social Philosophies. Knowing these, you can identify if the units you took from your alma mater taught these topics to you. Based on PRC’s table of specifications, I created a PDF file with pointers to review on Professional Education which you can view here. The pointers are created by me by carefully looking at the competencies that will be tested and from what I can remember (that I learned in school and from the reviewers I got before the exam). Please feel free to use this file especially if you are reviewing on your own. I also have one for General Education. What are the subjects that are considered for the 18 units? Source: PRC’s PDF file for Professional Education (Please look at the PDF file for list of equivalent subjects) 1. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY or any of the (7) equivalent subjects. 2. PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF TEACHING or any of the (14) equivalent subjects. 3. PRINCIPLES OF EDUCATION or any of the (6) equivalent subjects. 4. MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION or any of the (5) equivalent subjects. The remaining six (6) units may be met by completing any two of the following professional education courses: 1. Principle and Techniques of Guidance and any other Guidance Course 2. Educational Sociology 3. Observation and Participation/Observation and Community Immersion 4. Audio-Visual Education 5. Curriculum Development 6. Preparation of Curriculum Materials 7. Administration and Supervision 8. The Child and the Curriculum 9. Student Teaching/Internship/Practicum 10. Educational Leadership 11. Values Education 12. Special Education 13. Early Childhood...

Download LET Pointers to Review Guides | Licensure Exam for Teachers

By on Jun 8, 2011 in Education | 238 comments

The Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) of the Philippines has shared through their website a document showing what competences they are testing on the examinees. See the document through this link. UPDATE: PRC has changed the design and structure of their official website. The document I downloaded in June is not found in their server anymore, or they have moved it on a different URL. The competences are grouped into three major sections: General Education, Professional Education, and the subject specializing in (choose the subject you are majoring in).  After reviewing the document,  I created the pointers to review below. Use these to identify your strengths and weaknesses, which will then lead you to better study plans and collecting better reviewers for the exam. Example of a study plan: Study first the topics you are weak in, and review subjects you are strong in later on. Then review both a few days before the exam. View PDF – General Education Pointers to Review General Education subjects are English, Filipino, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, and Social Sciences.  Remember that examinees going to teach in elementary schools will be tested more on General Education part of the exam compare to those who will teach in secondary schools. Elementary Level – 40% Secondary Level – 20% View PDF – Professional Education Pointers to Review This part of the exam is divided into four sections: (1)  Foundation of Education and Human Growth and Development, (2)  Principles and Strategies of Teaching, (3) Measurement and Evaluation, and (4) Social Philosophies. Examinees going to teach in elementary schools will be tested more compare to those who will teach in secondary schools. Elementary Level – 60% Secondary Level – 40% Pointers to Review for each Major – I haven’t created yet any pointers for each major. But see the document from PRC. UPDATE: PRC has changed the design and structure of their official website. The document I downloaded in June is not found in their server anymore or they have moved it on a different...